Throat Pain basics
When the throat becomes irritated or inflamed, this can lead to pain with swallowing or talking. The irritation can also cause a scratchy feeling in the throat and even hoarseness. A sore throat is a very common symptom of upper respiratory infections or colds, which are caused by viruses. Other things like acid reflux and allergies can cause throat soreness, too.
- Experiencing pain or fever? Take 400mg of ibuprofen (Advil) or 650mg of acetaminophen (Tylenol) every 6 hours with food, as needed.
- Experiencing heartburn? Over-the-counter medicines like Famotidine can help decrease the amount of acid in your stomach.
- Experiencing allergy symptoms? Over-the-counter allergy medicines like Loratadine can help dry up secretions that may be running down the back of your throat and causing irritation.
- Eat easy to swallow foods like popsicles, applesauce, and soup.
- Drink tea with honey or suck on a cough drop to help soothe a sore throat.
- Gargle salt water to help soothe a sore throat. Just add half a teaspoon of salt to 8 ounces of warm water and gargle the water as long as you can in the back of your throat, then spit it out.
- Stay hydrated with non-caffeinated, non-alcoholic fluids—drink at least 8 cups a day.
- Get plenty of rest (at least 8 hours of sleep each night).
- If you are having hoarseness, try resting your voice.
- If you’re experiencing heartburn, avoiding certain foods like citrus, fatty, and spicy foods may help. Be sure to stay upright after eating for at least several hours.
- If you have seasonal allergies or other known triggers for allergies such as pet dander, avoiding exposure to those triggers as much as possible can help.
See a doctor in person if…
You develop worsening pain despite pain medication, pain in one side of your throat, problems with swallowing, drooling, a muffled voice, or continued high fevers. These are signs of a worsening or more severe infection.
Check in with K Health if…
You’re not feeling better within 3-4 days.